Italian citizenship (english)
Aggiornato al: 13/03/2017
A child born to an Italian citizen mother or father is an Italian citizen by birth.
Foreigners can acquire Italian citizenship through:
- by marriage/civil partnership;
- by residence in Italy;
- by law under some circumstances;
- recognition of Italian citizenship by descent;
- maternal or paternal recognition.
1 – Becoming a citizen by marriage/civil partnership (under article 5 of Law no. 91/1992, as amended)
Citizenship by marriage is awarded by prefectorial decree.
Whether you are a foreign citizen or stateless, you can apply if you are married to an Italian citizen and if you have lived lawfully for at least 2 years in Italy or 3 years in another country.
These terms are reduced by half if you have children who are Italian citizens When the ministerial order granting citizenship is issued, your marriage must not have been annulled or dissolved, its civil effects must not have ended, and you must not be legally separated.
The request, under the same conditions, may also be submitted by the person engaged in a civil partnership with an Italian citizen.
2 – Becoming a citizen by residence in Italy (under article 9 of Law no. 91/1992, as amended) Citizenship by residence is granted by decree of the President of the Italian Republic. You qualify if you are:
- a foreigner; and either you were born in Italian territory or you are the son, daughter, grandson or granddaughter of an Italian citizen by birth; and you have lived in Italy for at least 3 years;
- a foreigner over 18 years old, and you were adopted by an Italian citizen, and you have lived lawfully in Italian territory for at least 5 years after adoption;
- a foreigner, and you have been employed by the Italian government for at least 5 years in Italy or in another country;
- a citizen of another European Union state, and you have been lawfully resident for at least 4 years in Italian territory;
- stateless or a refugee, and you have been lawfully resident for at least 5 years in Italian territory;
- a foreigner, and you have been lawfully resident for at least 10 years in Italian territory.
From 18 June 2015, applications can only be submitted online. To submit their application, applicants shall access the Ministry of Internal Affairs Portal by using the log-in information received after completing the registration process and submit all needed documents in an electronic format.
Within six months from the notification of the decree granting citizenship, the person concerned is required to take an oath of loyalty at the General Register Office of the Vicenza Municipality. The following documents are required to schedule your oath taking ceremony:
- a valid passport;
- residence document.
3 – Becoming an Italian citizen by law; (under article 4 of Law no. 91/1992) you qualify if:
A) you are the son, daughter, grandson or granddaughter of an Italian citizen by birth, AND:
- you have done military service in the Italian armed forces, after stating your wish to become an Italian citizen;
- OR you have been employed in public service by the Italian government, and you have stated your wish to become an Italian citizen;
- OR you have been lawfully resident in Italy for at least 2 years after your 18th birthday, and while you were still 18 years old, you stated your wish to become an Italian citizen;
B) you were born in Italian territory, and you were lawfully resident in Italy continuously until your 18th birthday, and while you were still 18 years old, you stated your wish to become an Italian citizen.
4 - Granting Italian citizenship for descendants(“jure sanguinis” – by bloodline – under article 1 of Law no. 91/1992).
If you are a foreigner descended from Italian citizens who emigrated, and you wish to be recognised as an Italian citizen “jure sanguinis” without interruption, then you must apply to:
- the responsible Italian consulate, if you live outside Italy;
- or the citizenship office (ufficio cittadinanza) of your local municipality (comune), if you live in Italy (Download the form here: http://www.comune.vicenza.it/utilita/documento.php/122394).
5 - Maternal or paternal recognition (art. 2 Law 91/1992).
If a child of legal age is acknowledged by an Italian national and the child declares to elect Italian citizenship within one year of the recognition, he or she may be granted citizenship.
In cases 3-4-5 the application must be submitted to the Municipality of residence.
6) Acquisition of citizenship by minors (art. 14 of Law 91/1992)
When living with their parents, the underage children of individuals who acquired or renewed the Italian citizenship shall acquire the Italian citizenship themselves. After becoming of age, they can renounce their Italian nationality if they already hold another citizenship. Minors can acquire the Italian citizenship if the following conditions are met:
- a parent/child relationship exists;
Art. 12 of the Regulation implementing the Law on Citizenship states that “Cohabitation must be stable and effective and must be appropriately demonstrated with suitable documentation”
Where and when
Municipal citizenship office (ufficio cittadinanze del Comune di Vicenza)
Palazzo degli Uffici, piazza Biade 26 (first floor)
Opening hours: Monday, Tuesday, Thursday and Friday from 8.30 to 12.30 (by telephone appointment only. To book your appointment call the number: 0444221456); on Tuesdays and Thursdays from 16.30 to 18.00 (by online appointment only)
Online appointment booking system (link: http://www.comune.vicenza.it/prenotazioni)
Phone: 0444221456 and 0444221644, fax 0444 221422
PEC (Certified Electronic Mail): firstname.lastname@example.org
Vicenza Prefect’s office – citizenship office (ufficio cittadinanze della prefettura di Vicenza)
Contra' Gazzolle 6
Tel. +39 (0)444 338638, fax 0444 338491
It is a good idea to contact your local municipal citizenship office for information on what you need to do and what documentation you need to provide. This documentation will be sent to the Prefect’s office as part of the application process.
Link to Municipal, Civil Status and Electoral Registry